There are at least a dozen different meanings of “religious” or “spiritual,” and we need to take these different meanings into account if our discussions of those topics are to make any sense at all. Most conversations about religion and spirituality proceed as if those words were transparent, whereas they are anything but. At the very least, there is a profound difference between a spirituality that helps one translate and a spirituality that helps one transform. Some types of religion obfuscate, some oppress, some liberate. At any given moment, which function of religion are we discussing?